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★ Driver's Ed Course Assessment and 2.5 Assignment Answers

Content on expected behaviors during traffic stops has been added to the Texas driving manual.

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You should always check for warning lights and gauges prior to driving your vehicle. True or false

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You should inspect the area around your vehicle after you get into it. True or false

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You can rely exclusively on your mirrors when backing up. True or false

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You should always load packages from the roadside of a parked vehicle. True or false

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When entering a vehicle you should walk around the front of the vehicle facing traffic. True or false

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Vehicles are required by law to have a license plate light. True or false

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You should check the level of engine oil once a month. True or false

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Three factors contribute to crashes: 1. Driver's Attitude. 2. Condition of the Car. 3.Driver's Physical Condition. Which one causes the most crashes?
A.) Driver's Attitude
B.) Condition of the Car
C.) Driver's Physical Condition

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Driver's Attitude

Drivers Ed Course 2.5 Assignment Answers
Looking at the misty rain and fog (pictured above), explain at least two defensive driving techniques you would utilize to adjust your driving and lower your risk.
Looking at the misty rain and fog (pictured above), explain at least two defensive driving techniques you would utilize to adjust your driving and lower your risk.
EXPLANATION: 1. Be Alert and Drive less than the usual speed limit - In the situation when there is mist and fog in the atmosphere, it is not possible to drive in a proper way because of low visibility and the driver has to pay proper attention so that any driving errors do not happen.

2. Increase your following distance - Give yourself more time to plan and slow down. It takes longer to slow down on wet or icy roads, so accelerate and decelerate slowly.

3. Have the headlight on low - Certain techniques should be used by the drivers to reduce the risk like head lights should be dropped and driving should not use high beam because it might create a problem for the other drivers also. Then, rear fog light should also be used. You can also use front fog lights so you can see through misty fog, if you have this facility in your vehicles.

Looking at the response vehicles (pictured above), explain two options you have in order to abide by the Move Over law.
Looking at the response vehicles (pictured above), explain two options you have in order to abide by the Move Over law.
EXPLANATION: Utility worker or construction worker are in this picture which makes driver must abide by the move over law. So, Either move over, or slow down

1. You must move one lane over to the left - Move to another lane leaving the one closet to the vehicles clear and give a one lane buffer to the stopped emergency vehicle to avoid a possible accident.

2. Slow down to a reasonable speed or less the the speed limit and proceed with caution - You do not stop unless you are stopped by a law enforcement officer.

When you learned about the Highway Transportation system you learned about 6 different types of people as roadway users. Choose 3 and explain a safe driving skill response for each.
EXPLANATION: Whenever you're driving you encounter many different types of roadway users, such as vehicles operators, pedestrians and bicyclists are the most vulnerable of all roadway users, people using wheelchairs, motorcyclists. Using safe driving skills learn to recognize and respond to the specific risks associated with each type of road user.

1. Pedestrians can be unpredictable - Most of pedestrians use footpath along side road that keeps them on a safe side. At places without footpath along side road, Pedestrians trying to cross the street. Watch for pedestrians at crosswalks. Bring your vehicle to a full stop if necessary to let a pedestrian cross. Make a safe turns.

2. Bicyclists are the most vulnerable of all roadway users - You have the responsibility to share the road with Bicyclists. They generally move slower than other vehicles on the road but are tough to figure out. When driving on the right side of the roadway, always leave enough space (usually three to four feet) to allow bicyclists to pass safely. To avoid any accident, before turning right, slow down, check for bicyclists then take a safe turn.

3. Motorcyclists - Motorcycles are extremely hard to see if they are approaching from the side. When following motorcycles or to the side of a motorcycle, you do not assume the driver of the motorcycle sees you. It is difficult to judge their Speed so maintain a 5-8 second space margin ahead, same as bicyclists and give them enough space. They do not stop as quickly as a car. Watch for motorcycles and yield the right of-way to them before turning.

Identify 3 distractions for young drivers and explain how you plan to minimize these distractions.

EXPLANATION: Many things combine all three, Here are some of the top things drivers can do to avoid distracted driving:
1. Using a phone or texting - Turn their cell phone off while driving so it is not tempting.

2. Eating and grooming – Eat and drink before getting on the road only

3. Adjusting the radio or GPS, staring at Billboards - Keeping your eye on the road.

You are driving in heavy traffic and it begins to rain. Explain a defensive driving technique that you could use to help make you and your passenger safer.

If you are driving in heavy traffic and it begins to rain, a defensive driving technique you could use to create safety could be to create space, use appropriate signals and lights depending on weather, and make sure to go proper speeds. For example, if it is raining the ground is obviously going to be very wet and this reduces traction to your tires. This could reduce control, so it is important to keep space in case you loose control, or hydroplane because this can reduce the chance of an accident. With rain there can be fog or if the rain is heavy enough it can reduce your visual perception of the area. So, it may be necessary to turn on your taillights even if during the day so that other drivers can see you, which will help you avoid getting rear ended. If you are on a road of higher speeds, it may be safe to slow down a little bit under the speed limit to increase control over the traction reduced by the rain.

When it begins to rain - Driving slower than the speed limit is the best thing you can do, to keep you and your passenger safe

During rain, road surfaces become slippery, because Wet roads result in poor traction, so you should Increase following distance
Use Your Headlights

Be more alert and pay close attention to the traffic and surroundings.

Avoid cruise control because it can cause Hydroplaning

If you drive through water, your brakes may become slippery and ineffective. To dry the brakes off, apply your brakes gently while accelerating at the same time/apply your brakes gently as you accelerate at the same time.

The three parts of the Highway Transportation System (people, vehicles and roadways) present many risks. Choose one part of the Highway Transportation System, describe the risk it poses, and how you can avoid that danger while driving.

When people are on the roads walking, running, or crossing the streets; bring dangerous factors to drivers and the person on the road. Drivers tend to think they have the right-away when driving, dangerous for pedestrians. Drivers often are distracted and can hit a walker crossing the road. Walkers need to be more aware of their surroundings and when its a good time to cross or wait.

People: People can cause a big risk because they can always think they are in communication when you are distracted. This can cause you to catch them at the last moment which can make you swerve and cause an accident. A way to prevent this is to make sure you are always scanning your surroundings so you will not be surprised by the sight of a person.

Vehicles: Vehicles are unpredictable as far as abrupt stops and lane switches. They can also pose a danger since many drivers are distracted or impaired. You can avoid this by practicing defensive driving habits and making sure to drive safe.

Roadways: A common roadway hazards are soft edges, manhole covers, potholes, debris, black ice and loose gravel. It is advisable that a driver should be aware of condition of a road surface when driving. One should be keen to avoid being caught in soft edges and verges. One should be attentive enough to look for such hazards that may come on the way.

1. To avoid this hazard (danger), a driver maintain a slow speed in areas suspected to have such challenge. In dirt roads, resist going off course when avoiding a pothole or a man hole cover. The sudden change in direction can easily make a driver loose control and hit stationery objects.

2. Driving slower is always the best thing to do, when roads are slippery, braking is harder so be careful with braking as well. Cruise control is something to avoid because it can cause Hydroplaning.

3. Inexperience, young drivers starting their journey as a driver can be dangerous to those around them. One way to avoid driving is always by the rules. Drinking and driving, young people want to go out and drink, a way to avoid any "is planning the ride ahead" accident. Distraction while driving, including using cell phones and texting, the easiest way to avoid accidents is not to use a cell phone while driving. Always focus on the road.

A risk roadways pose is weather hazards. This can cause lack of control of your vehicle and poses danger if proper procedures are not followed. However, these dangers can be prevented by following proper procedures such as turning on your lights in heavy rain or fog and making sure to take turns slowly to avoid loss of control.

While driving you encounter an emergency/service vehicle stopped ahead. Discuss how the Move Over Law applies to this situation and your responsibilities as a driver.

If you are driving and you see an emergency vehicle stopped ahead. According to the Move Over Law, you should move over a lane in order to give them a space to pass so their trip can flow smoothly. You will preferably be able to pull the car over or if not slow to a speed 20 mph under the speed limit or 5 mph if the speed limit is posted under 20 mph. This also applies to making sure to be cleared of distractions or anything that can impair your focus because you may not notice an emergency vehicle which will end up with you breaking the law even if you don’t mean to.

* State law requires drivers approaching a crash or emergency area to slow to a safe speed and give wide berth to emergency vehicles displaying flashing lights, including towing, recovery, and highway maintenance vehicles.
* If you can’t move over — or when on a two-lane road — slow to a speed that is 20 mph less than the posted speed limit.
* Slow down to 5 mph when the posted speed limit is 20 mph or less.

Explain three common risk factors for young drivers and how you plan to minimize these factors.

Young drivers face many distractions when behind the wheel. Teens tend to text while drive, which is a big dangerous, distraction. Can lead to crashing into others. Having friends in the car can be a distraction. Your friends around you want to show you pictures, ask to change the music, or even talking too much. Another big risk is driving under the influence, teens tend to drink or smoke at parties and try to drive. Driving under the influence can lead to harming crashes and even death.

One common risk factor for teen drivers is distractions. Many teens are very involved in social media and other activities on their phone. This can cause the driver to not realize what is going on in real time. This can cause accidents and many other emergencies. A good way to prevent this is to put your phone in the glovebox, turn it off, etc.

A second risk factor is impairments, mainly drugs and alcohol. Driving under the influence is a very large problem because it causes many accidents due to lack of control. A good way to prevent this is if you are sober, make sure you drive your friends if they are under the influence. Or if you are all under the influence, make arrangements for an uber, taxi, or some form of safe transportation.

A third risk is teen passengers. Teenagers are very often making bad decisions. They can act as a very big distraction as well acting as an influence to do illegal things such as speeding. A good way to minimize this is to be in control of who you are driving, do not drive people who will influence you in a bad way, and in all cases make sure that your passengers know to respect you in the means that you need to focus on your driving.

1: Does the child in the crosswalk have the right of way? Explain why or why not.
2: You have a green light and are turning right at an intersection, but there is a pedestrian in the crosswalk. Explain how you should handle this situation.
Does the child in the crosswalk have the right of way? Explain why or why not
Explanation: Yes because he’s on the sidewalk and cars should stop if they see him crossing.

Wait for pedestrian to cross, keep precaution sometimes pedestrians don’t follow the rules. Then you may proceed once the pedestrian has crossed the street & is out of the road area.

The pedestrian doesn't have a car for protection, so he has the preference. You need to wait the pedestrian cross the street and after this go.

In this situation, it is the pedestrian who should yield before the traffic; however, since this is not the case, if another road user is in your path, or you think they won't yield to you, you must yield to avoid a collision. So stop and wait until the irresponsible pedestrian crosses the road safely

1: If you were driving the blue Prius in the situation pictured above, explain why the red Mustang should be given right-of-way at this intersection

2: Looking at the red Mustang on the left, and the blue Prius on the right,explain which vehicle should be given right-of-way at this intersection.
If you were driving the blue Prius in the situation pictured above, explain why the red Mustang should be given right-of-way at this intersection
Explanation: The blue Prius and the Mustang arrived almost in the same time. The mustang is at the stop sign first and it’s a four way intersection. And when you arrive in an intersection at the same time of other vehicle you need to yield for the car on your right if the car is on your left you have the right-of-way.

When it comes to determining the right if way there are three main rules to follow, in order to maintain a smooth transition: First in, first out; Yield to any road users who arrived before you;

Yield to the right; and if you arrive at the same time as another user on your right, let them go first. Therefore, in this situation because the red Mustang arrived before the blue Prius, the red mustang has the right-of-way, and the blue Prius must wait its turn.

If you were driving the blue Prius in the situation pictured above, explain what you would do to minimize the tailgating hazard on your left.
If you were driving the blue Prius in the situation pictured above, explain what you would do to minimize the tailgating hazard on your left
Explanation: Slow down and maintain distances.

1: There was a thunderstorm in your area and the power went out. The traffic lights are not functioning.
  • What is the first thing the law requires you to do when you arrive at an intersection?
  • Explain what you should do if there is an officer directing traffic.

2: There was a thunderstorm in your area and the power is out. The traffic lights are not functioning. Explain what you should do when you arrive at an intersection.

3: You arrive at an intersection with traffic lights that are not working because of a power outage. What do you do?

Explanation: In this situation, You must stop at the intersection as if it’s a red light and treat it like a four way stop, when you know other approaching vehicles have stopped. Wait until, the traffic officer instructs you to move, check the area and then proceed.

Responsible drivers assess their personal fitness to drive before getting behind the wheel. Discuss 3 questions you should ask yourself when assessing your fitness and explain how your answers determine your fitness to drive.

ANSWER: 1. Am I injured in case of emergency
2. Can I move correctly to switch lanes
3. Is my vision impaired so I can see the road

1. The first question to ask is whether you have the emotional skills to drive at that moment. That's because driving can be very stressful and stress can distract me, or cause me to assume bad behavior behind the wheel, which can cause accidents. I must assess whether I have emotional support to drive with no stress.

2. The second question that must be asked is whether my documents that allow me to drive are valid. To drive it is necessary that documents such as driver's license and car documents are valid and up to date, as they may be needed at any time.

3. The third question I must ask is whether I have sufficient knowledge of traffic laws and how my car works. I must ask this, because traffic laws allow me to drive safely so I must know them well. In addition, knowing how the car works is essential for me to understand what to do and reduce the chances of causing an accident.

We know that passengers can be either helpful or harmful to a driver. Describe a pro and a con of having passengers in your car. Also, explain a strategy you will use to manage teen passengers that ensures safety in your vehicle.
ANSWER: One pro of having a passenger is: they can be very aware and help you when things go awry. one con of having a passenger is they can be distracting and even harmful to the driver.

A pro of having passengers is that they can be your extra pair of eyes on the road and look out for any hazards. A con of having a passenger is that they might become a distraction from driving. A strategy that can be used is laying ground rules to your passenger about concentration and safety

It's Saturday night; you are planning to go to a friend's house to hang out. Before you leave, you have a heated argument with your parents about when to be home. List 3 physical side effects of anger/stress and explain how they can impact your driving.
ANSWER: 1. Swerving: can get you injured
2. Irrational decisions: can get you injured
3. Irrational footing: Can get you pulled over or injured

1. speeding: when we usually thinking we forget the control and go faster than normal
2. driving aggressive: when your upset or angry than you will tend to take wrath out of people and who bite you or don't use their turn signals or push you
3. not seeing clearly: when we thinking about past or other thing our concentration diverts and we forget about current object and it may cause accident also

Impaired drivers are one of the many risks drivers face on the Highway Transportation System. List 3 signs that a driver could be potentially impaired. Explain a strategy that you can use to keep yourself safe.

ANSWER: 1. swerving=stay away
2. Inconsistent speeds=Stay away
3. Not using their signals=stay away

1. drifting, swerving or tailgating
2. driving in the middle or even off the sides of the road on the rumble strips
3. no turn signals, erratic braking or responds to directions slowly strategy to keep yourself is to gain ways out of all situations, watch traffic so you know if you need to swerve stop or move you can do it safe and efficiently.

In the event you get pulled over for a traffic stop, describe the situation from the police officer's perspective and list at least two additional things you should do to make the traffic stop go smoothly:

ANSWER: Two things you need to do make traffic stop go smoothly are: 1.) Ensure you maintain a high sense of dutifulness in cause of performing your responsibility, 2.) Ensure you put on a user friendly welcome to the road users this help to make them feel safe and secured.

Choose a safe location to pulled over: And slow down and turn on the hazard lights to make sure that the other drivers see that I’m going to pull over

Explain the difference between Personal Injury Protection (PIP) and Property Damage Liability (PDL) insurance.

ANSWER: Personal injury protection covers injury caused to any one by our mistake: Property damage on the other hand covers damage caused to someone's property.

The difference is that the PIP covers your limits of your policy, but the PDL pays for the damage of what happened to the other person.

Your friend wears earbuds while driving to school each day: Is this safe? Is it legal? Explain why or why not.

ANSWER: No wearing earbuds while driving is very unsafe and is illegal because if your ears are covered, you'll have a harder time hearing a nearby emergency vehicle, another driver honking to warn you of their presence, or a pedestrian shouting from your blind spot.

Driving with earbuds on, is not a safe way to drive because you would be technically deaf and you don’t know what is happening around you: What if you don’t listen that someone is honking at you, it could be an emergency: Even though is legal in some places I wouldn’t recommend it.

Name some eco-friendly features you might look for while shopping for your first vehicle: Also, explain techniques you can use while driving any vehicle to increase fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.

ANSWER: To make the car Eco friendly and see whether it has features of Eco friendly or not: one should see the emission system of the car, the air conditioner should be the one not consuming too much fuel, radiator should be maintained.

Some features to look while shopping your car is to choose color, talk about sport suspension that could be something useful to have, it can help you to have a better control with your car.

One technique a person can use while driving to increase fuel efficiency would be to go easy on the gas pedal and avoid unnecessary idling, meaning if your vehicle isn’t moving for longer than a minute then to turn off your engine: Also don’t speed, drive at or below the speed limit to save gas as well as money: Wind resistance also plays a role in your fuel, the faster you go the more wind resistance you pick up causing you to consumer more fuel: How to reduce your emissions would be to keep up and take care of your car regularly, meaning you should get oil changes, change filters when they get dirty, and check tire pressure to make sure they meet the cars recommendations.

Techniques that can you can use while driving any vehicle to reduce emissions is to nor top off the tank, it could make the vapors escape from your tank: And to increase fuel efficiency you can watch the weight, make sure the tires are well and have the correct pressure.

Name at least three eco-driving techniques you can use to increase your gas mileage and extend the life of your vehicle.

ANSWER: Three eco-driving techniques to increase gas mileage is to go easy on the gas pedal; avoid unnecessary idling, which means if you're not moving anywhere for more than a minute, turn off your engine; don't speed, and drive at or below the speed limit at all times:

Not only is speeding unsafe and illegal, but it wastes gas and costs money: Wind resistance increases dramatically as speed increases, so the faster you go, the more rapidly you consume fuel

Furthermore, such ways to extend the life of your vehicle is to keep up with regular maintenance, including oil changes; change your engine air filter when it gets dirty, since a clogged air filter makes your engine work harder to get the air it needs; and check your tire pressure regularly, and make sure it matches the manufacturer's recommendation: Underinflated tires stretch and flex more than they're supposed to, resulting in less power transmitted to the road.

We know that passengers can be either helpful or harmful to a driver. Describe a pro and a con of having passengers in your car. Also, explain a strategy you will use to manage teen passengers that ensures safety in your vehicle.

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