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Enter a Curve Slower than the Posted Speed, Following Another Vehicle into a Curve, Gravity Effect

Enter a curve slower than the posted speed if your vehicle has a high center of gravity or if surface _____________ is less than ideal.
A.) Traction
B.) Speed
C.) Energy
D.) Maneuvers

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If you are traveling where there are sharp curves, stay to the _____________and tap your horn before entering blind curves.
A.) right
B.) left
C.) center
D.) top

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For safety concerning a curve, you should:
A.) shift to a higher gear
B.) adjust your speed to the current road conditions
C.) decelerate before the curve
D.) accelerate while driving up the curve

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decelerate before the curve

__________ turn your vehicle around near blind curves or on hills where you cannot see well down the roadway in all directions.
A.) Never
B.) Often
C.) Sometimes
D.) Always

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Some expressways are curved, banked and designed to maximize ___________ at higher speeds.
A.) Conflict
B.) Traffic
C.) Acceleration
D.) Safety

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Vehicle _______ systems are designed to reduce effects of gravity, centrifugal force in curves and the force of impact.
A.) Tire
B.) Brake
C.) Exhaust
D.) Steering

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Do not brake in the curve, this action moves the weight of your vehicle ____________ putting a strain on your tires, which could cause a blowout.
A.) Backward
B.) Sideways
C.) Forward
D.) Upward

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If you are following another vehicle into a curve, drop back and create a ______ cushion to maneuver in the event that the driver ahead has a problem.
A.) Hazard
B.) Visibility
C.) Traffic
D.) Space

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When conducting _______ recovery, it is important to resist the vehicle's pull in the direction of the shoulder and not over-correct or jerk the steering wheel in the direction of the road.
A.) Micro-sleep
B.) Blind curve
C.) Off-road
D.) Alcohol

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Blind curve

If you are going right into a curve, ___________ will pull your vehicle to the center of the road, or possibly into an oncoming traffic lane.
A.) Braking
B.) Inertia
C.) Gravity
D.) Acceleration

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Sharp curves require you to reduce ___________ in order to prevent your vehicle from losing traction, leaving the road, or turning over.
A.) Visibility
B.) Braking
C.) Speed
D.) Traction

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Two-lane roadways may have dangerous __________, hills and intersections.
A.) Signals
B.) Curves
C.) Interchanges
D.) Signs

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Unit 5: Vision and Space Management Test Answers

Sudden braking or swerving in traffic indicates that a driver:
A.) Is skillful at maneuvering
B.) Is alert and searching well ahead
C.) Has good reflexes
D.) Is not searching far enough ahead

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Is not searching far enough ahead

What does searching for threatening objects or conditions in traffic depend on most?
A.) Perfect eyes
B.) Knowing the street or area
C.) Keep your eyes moving
D.) Seeing out of the corners of your eyes

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Keep your eyes moving

Which is NOT a visual search category when driving?
A.) Passengers in the car
B.) Traffic controls
C.) Roadway conditions
D.) Other roadway users

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Passengers in the car

Managing space when driving means managing the distance between a driver’s vehicle and the vehicle:
A.) Ahead
B.) Behind
C.) To the sides
D.) A, B, and C are correct

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A, B, and C are correct

When you look far and near and side to side you are:
A.) Searching
B.) Centering
C.) Checking
D.) Monitoring

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Which step of the decision process has a driver just taken when he determines what will probably happen in a driving situation?
A.) Search
B.) Evaluate
C.) Execute
D.) Question

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Managing space to the front of your car requires a following distance of at least:
A.) 1 second
B.) 2 seconds
C.) 3-4 seconds
D.) 2 car lengths

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3-4 seconds

The reason for making visual checks to the left or right before changing lanes is because:
A.) It’s quicker than checking the mirrors
B.) It’s easier than checking the mirrors
C.) It covers areas not visible in the mirrors
D.) It provides a smaller picture

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It covers areas not visible in the mirrors

The best way to keep from getting involved in emergency driving situations is to:
A.) Keep your eyes glued on the target area of the travel path ahead
B.) Keep your car in good mechanical condition
C.) Use rearview and side mirrors
D.) Continually search for threatening objects or conditions

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Continually search for threatening objects or conditions

Detecting potentially threatening objects or conditions in traffic mostly depends on:
A.) 20/20 vision
B.) Being familiar with the road on which one is driving
C.) An organized, aggressive, visual search
D.) Side vision

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An organized, aggressive, visual search

The faster you drive the ___________ room you need to stop.
Answer: More

During what types of situations is a greater distance in front of your vehicle needed?
Answer: Wet or slippery surface, when following large vehicles, when someone behind wants to pass, following vehicles with loose cargo, following motorcycles, following people hauling loads, when stopping behind anyone on a hill

What should you do when driving next to parked cars?
Answer: Keep as far away from parked cars as possible

What should you do when two potential hazards occur at the same time?
Answer: Take potential hazards one at a time

How can you protect yourself from a tailgater?
Answer: Switch to another lane if possible, slow down gradually to encourage passing or pull off the road if that doesn’t work

As speed increases from 55 to 75 mph, the chances of dying in a crash ______________.
Answer: Triples

Why does speed increase our chances of a crash?
Answer: The faster we are going the longer it will take to stop if we have to, it makes the car more difficult to handle

About how long does it take for a driver to react to a hazard and put his/her foot on the brake?
Answer: 1 second

A vehicle going 40 mph needs _________ times as much distance to stop as one traveling 20 mph.
Answer: Three

What is the single biggest cause of crashes out on the road?
Answer: Drivers running into things they can’t see

What is the process of looking and what does it mean?
Answer: Visual search, means that seeing well is more than taking in the highway scene, actively searching places where trouble lurks

What does keeping our eyes focused well down the road help with?
Answer: Gives us a heads up to what is happening, lets us come to a gradual, even stop, helps keep us moving

How far ahead do we need to look?
Answer: Far enough ahead to give ourselves ample time to adjust, at least 15 seconds ahead

When determining how many seconds ahead we are looking, what does it mean if we reach the point before we reach 15 seconds?
Answer: We need to look further ahead

What is one of the two biggest causes of car crashes?
Answer: Not seeing cars at intersections

What should you do before crossing an intersection?
Answer: Look to the front, left, right and left again

When is it important to check your mirrors to see what is happening behind you?
Answer: When changing lanes, when stopping, when slowing down suddenly

How are people able to react so quickly to hazardous situations?
Answer: As experienced drivers they have seen situations like this before and sounds an alarm that tells them to get their foot off of the accelerator, their eyes to start looking for a way out and their hands to get ready to steer so they are prepared

Name the types of hazards discussed in the video.
Answer: Person on the road who can’t see us, people who can see us but who are distracted, situations that create a problem for some drivers, which suddenly become our problem

When should you use your headlights?
Answer: All the time

If you need to pull over because of an emergency, what is the best way to do so?
Answer: Stop where drivers can see the car from a distance, turn on hazard flashers, get as far off the road as possible, placing emergency triangles or flares well back from vehicle or someone with a cloth or flag.

When is it not a good idea to honk your horn?
Answer: Passing on the right, when someone is in your way, when we have been wronged, to greet a friend.

When should you use your turn signals?
Answer: Anytime you plan to turn, turning at corners, merging and lane changes

How can you signal speed changes in advance?
Answer: Tap the brake pedal several times quickly

# Braking distance - how far your vehicle will travel, in ideal conditions; while you are braking (pushing down on brake until the vehicle comes to a stop).
# Central vision - the five-degree cone that makes up only three percent of a driver’s total visual field. It provides detail of objects and conditions and is the primary visual function employed in targeting. Direct your central vision to your target area and front zones.
# Changing areas of space - a space or area condition in which the level of risk is increasing. It is often an open space or area that is changing to a closed line of sight or path of travel or a closed space or area with additional conflicts or changes.
# Closed areas of space - the space or area that is not available for the car’s path of travel or there is a restriction to the driver's line of sight. An alternative path of travel must be identified.
# Communication - letting other roadway users know where you are and what you plan to do by using vehicle lighting, signaling devices , or horn on the vehicle.
# Divided attention / multi-tasking - being able to operate a motor vehicle while using operator controls and devices and scanning the roadway, mirrors and the dashboard all at the same time.
# Evaluate - checking to sides and rear for speed and lane position options and making predictions to what other drivers may do.
# Execute - changing speed, change position and/or communicating.
# Field of view - the entire area of the highway and surroundings that you can see at any given moment.
# Following distance - the distance between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead, which gives you more space between vehicles, in case of an emergency.
# Fringe vision - used to judge depth and position. It provides information about objects close to the travel path and lane position. Use your fringe vision to check reference points and detect changes in your rearview and side view mirrors.
# Lane positions - there are five choices for lane position with in a lane - center, left, right and far left and far right.
# Line of sight - the imaginary line that extends from your eyes to the point of focus. The line of sight can be blocked by a curve, hill, tree branches, buildings, large vehicle, etc.
# Open areas of space - the space or area to operate within that is without restrictions to the line of sight or path of travel.
# Path of travel - the space into which you can safely direct your vehicle with the lowest possible risk.
# Perception distance - how far your vehicle travels, in ideal conditions; from the time your eyes see a hazard until your brain recognizes it (seeing the situation).
# Peripheral vision - conical in shape around the other vision fields. It detects changes in color and object movement, providing you with information about moving or stationary objects that could be threats along the intended path of travel. Peripheral vision is strongly affected by fatigue, drugs, and speed of travel. It often gives the driver an initial warning of a changing or closed space area.
# Reaction distance - how far your vehicle continues to travel, in ideal conditions; before you physically apply the brakes, in response to a hazard seen ahead (moving foot to brake pedal).
# Searching - looking for other roadway users or conditions in or adjacent to the projected path of travel that could increase the level of risk.
# Space management system (SEE) - a three-step process (search, evaluate, execute) that can help you understand what is going on in traffic and to be constantly planning and implementing a course of action.
# Space margin - the amount of space around a vehicle that separates it from possible sources of danger in traffic.
# Total stopping distance - the total minimum distance your vehicle has traveled, in ideal conditions; with everything considered, including perception distance, reaction distance and braking distance, until you can bring your vehicle to a full stop.
# Vehicle operating space - space surrounding a vehicle that is visible to the driver. There are six areas of space around a vehicle - front left, front, front right, rear left, rear, and rear right.
# Visual lead - an area 20 to 30 seconds of travel time to the front of the vehicle.

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